BM25 is a bag-of-words retrieval function that ranks a set of documents based on the query terms appearing in each document, regardless of the inter-relationship between the query terms within a document (e.g., their relative proximity). It is not a single function, but actually a whole family of scoring functions, with slightly different components and parameters.

BM25算法,通常用来作搜索相关性评分。一句话概况其主要思想:对Query进行语素解析,生成语素qi;然后,对于每个搜索结果D,计算每个语素qi与D的相关性得分,最后,将qi相对于D的相关性得分进行加权求和,从而得到Query与D的相关性得分。